By Jacob Gurvis
It’s a World Cup like no other in recent memory.
That’s because it’s taking place in Qatar, where temperatures don’t usually fall under 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
The headlines going in have been focused on the country’s widely criticized human-rights record. The preparations for the first World Cup hosted in the Arab world have taken years to complete, have cost more than $200 billion and, according to human-rights organizations around the world, have led to the deaths of thousands of migrant workers.
Qatar also has no diplomatic relations with Israel, leaving its fans in a somewhat tense situation.
But beneath these headlines, there are other Jewish angles to the world’s biggest sports spectacle.
America has two Jewish players
Jewish professional men’s soccer players from the United States who compete on the world stage are a rare phenomenon. But this year, the U.S. men’s national team has two on its roster, including the likely starting goalie.
Matt Turner, a 28-year-old New Jersey native who didn’t seriously begin playing soccer until he was 14, struggled to prove himself through high school, college and the start of his professional career.
After going undrafted in Major League Soccer, he joined the New England Revolution in 2016. In 2020, Turner ascended to the upper echelon of the sport’s goalkeepers. He’s now the backup keeper for Arsenal F.C., one of the top clubs in England’s Premier League.
Turner’s father is Jewish and his mother is Catholic, but he identifies more with the Jewish tradition, according to a profile in The Athletic. Turner’s great-grandparents fled Europe during World War II because they were Jewish; once they arrived at Ellis Island, they changed their name to Turner, he explained on soccer journalist Grant Wahl’s podcast. Turner obtained Lithuanian citizenship in 2020.
His teammates playing defense include DeAndre Yedlin, a Seattle native who was raised Jewish but has said he practices Buddhism. Yedlin has a large Hebrew tattoo on his right shoulder in honor of his great-grandparents.
Yedlin, who is of African-American, Native American and Latvian heritage, is in his first year of a four-year contract with the MLS team Inter Miami after spending five seasons with the Premier League’s Newcastle United. He is the only player on the U.S. roster with World Cup experience; he served a bench role in 2014.
While Yedlin’s playing time this year may not be much different, his off-field presence is seen as an asset.
“He’s a glue guy,” USMNT coach Gregg Berhalter said. “He’s there for the team; he creates atmosphere for the team. Sometimes, he’s a shoulder to cry on or to talk to. Other times, he’s a motivator.”
(A third member of the U.S. team, forward Brendan Aaronson, is not Jewish but occasionally gets questions about his background due to his Ashkenazi-sounding surname.)
Pair Of Jewish Announcers Back
Telemundo’s coverage of the tournament, as it has for years, will feature plenty of “goooaaaaaals.”
That’s because it includes six-time Emmy award-winner Andres Cantor, the Argentine-Jewish announcer who perhaps is most responsible for popularizing long goal calls in the English-speaking world.
He is being joined by one of his mentees — two-time Emmy nominee Sammy Sadovnik — who has been with Telemundo since 2007 and has covered sports since 1989. He’s a proud Jew from Peru who visits Israel every year.
Israel not in tournament
Israel’s first and only appearance in the World Cup was in 1970. That half-century hiatus is not due to a lack of talent.
It was one of the founding members of the Asian Football Confederation, joining in 1954, and would enjoy international success culminating in winning the 1964 AFC Cup. But Israel’s success was overshadowed by geopolitics; many AFC member countries began to boycott playing Israel over time.
In 1958, Israel won its World Cup qualifying group without playing a single opponent due to protests. In 1974, the AFC expelled Israel from the confederation in a 17-13 vote organized by Kuwait.
Israel would wander the soccer desert for two decades before securing full membership in the Union of European Football Association. Israel remains the only UEFA member without any territory in Europe.
That membership brings rigorous competition: Israel is in the same conference as soccer powerhouses like Spain, France and Italy. In the 2022 qualifiers, Israel was grouped with Denmark, also a perennially top-tier team.
Despite the tough competition and frequent antisemitism that Jewish and Israeli players face across Europe, the Israeli Football Association is content where it is.
“We prefer our clubs and national teams playing at the European level,” Shlomi Barzel, a spokesman for the IFA, said in 2018. “We find a warm, welcoming and challenging home in Europe.”
Israelis in Qatar an exception
Israelis normally aren’t allowed into Qatar, and direct flights from Israel aren’t allowed into the Muslim-majority country. But for the World Cup, Qatar announced that it would allow direct flights from Tel Aviv to its capital Doha for Israeli fans, and depending on Israeli government approval, for Palestinians in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip as well.
Moreover, Israeli diplomats have been permitted to offer support to Israelis during the World Cup, which will be crucial since Qatar — part of the Association of Gulf Jewish Communities — has a limited Jewish communal presence. Chapters of the Chabad-Lubavitch movement normally help Jewish tourists procure kosher food and offer other support, but the closest Chabad center in the region is in the United Arab Emirates.
And while as many as 20,000 Israelis could make the trip, the Israeli government is still urging them to be careful.
“The Iranian team will be in the World Cup, and we estimate that tens of thousands of fans will follow it, and there will be other fans from Gulf countries that we don’t have diplomatic relationship with,” a senior Israeli diplomat warned fans as part of a Foreign Ministry campaign. “Downplay your Israeli presence and Israeli identity for the sake of your personal security.”
At World Cup, Jerusalem warns visitors to ‘downplay Israeli identity’
Qatar, which does not normally allow Israelis into the country, is permitting Israeli visitors during the 2022 World Cup, prompting the Israeli government to warn travelers who make the trip to “downplay” their “Israeli identity.”
As many as 20,000 Israelis are expected to attend the 2022 FIFA World Cup in Qatar, an Arab country run by a Muslim monarchy that does not have diplomatic ties with Israel. It is running in a reduced timeframe of 29 days with the final to be held on Dec. 18.
Qatar has allowed for new direct flights from Tel Aviv to Doha, its capital, with an Israeli foreign ministry delegation there to help Israeli visitors navigate local laws and customs and avoid any possible tensions with locals.
Despite the unprecedented openness, Israel’s Foreign Ministry launched a campaign to urge Israelis to exercise caution, particularly given the presence of Iran, which routinely calls for violence against Israel, at the World Cup. Qatar has close ties with Iran.
“The Iranian team will be in the World Cup and we estimate that tens of thousands fans will follow it, and there will be other fans from Gulf countries that we don’t have diplomatic relationship with,” said Lior Haiat, a senior Israeli diplomat, according to The Associated Press, as the Foreign Ministry launched a website on the topic.
Haiat urged Israeli visitors to hide Israeli symbols, which could include Israeli flags or other things outwardly showing a Star of David. While an estimated 10,000 to 20,000 Israelis have bought tickets to the quadrennial event, only 3,500 will be using their Israeli passports to make the trip, reported The Jerusalem Post.
“Downplay your Israeli presence and Israeli identity for the sake of your personal security,” Haiat said.
The campaign also advised against public displays of drunkenness and homosexual relationships, both of which are illegal in Qatar, which has been hit with widespread criticism over its human-rights record ahead of the World Cup.
While some of Qatar’s Arab neighbors, including the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain, have signed recent normalization agreements with Israel (the Abraham Accords were established in the fall of 2020), Qatar has said that it will avoid negotiations with Israel until it sees a path forward for the creation of a Palestinian state.