Israel Should Help All Palestinians Get Vaccinated — Obligation or Not

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Young man's headshot
By Matan Arad-Neeman

By Matan Arad-Neeman

While the world tries to quickly and safely vaccinate as many people as possible against COVID-19, I’ve watched a particularly inane legal debate with horror and frustration.

Some defenders of Israel seem to be looking for any technicality in international law that would relieve Israel of its obligation to vaccinate Palestinians. The international legal consensus is that Israel, as an occupying power, is obligated to vaccinate the Palestinians per the Geneva Convention; Israel maintains that the Oslo Accords place the responsibility with the Palestinian Authority.


When Jewish Israelis and supporters of the state lose ourselves in such petty debates, we reduce ourselves to a nation of callous people. No provision in any treaty can obviate the moral reality that if we can help vaccinate others, then we should.

Vaccinating the entire Palestinian population “is an important objective, from a public health point of view, and of course also from a humanitarian point of view,” Itamar Grotto, the former deputy director general of Israel’s Health Ministry, told NPR. As an Israeli American raised with pride in Israel’s resilience and its medical and scientific prowess, I believe we also have the means of doing so.

Israel grabbed headlines around the world for a highly effective campaign to rapidly vaccinate Israelis, half of whom have been fully vaccinated. In contrast, the vast majority of Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip remain unvaccinated. Israel has begun to vaccinate the 133,000 Palestinians who work as day laborers in Israel and Israeli settlements in the occupied West Bank, and has donated 5,000 additional doses to Palestinian areas following public pressure, but it has no plan to vaccinate the millions of other Palestinians.

Some have claimed that the Palestinian Authority did not request assistance from Israel early in the vaccination campaign. However, since December, the Palestinian Authority has been requesting vaccine doses from Israel. In January, the Palestinian Foreign Ministry released a statement saying that Israel has an obligation to provide the vaccine to all Palestinians. Even if the Palestinian leadership were not vocal in asking Israel for assistance, Israel could work with the PA to provide these vaccines as a goodwill gesture, building trust in the crucial months just ahead of rare Palestinian elections.

World Health Organization data show that Palestinians in the West Bank have received 20% of its vaccine needs from the international COVAX consortium, backed by the WHO, including 10,000 doses of a Russian-made vaccine. The World Bank has urged Israel to consider donating doses it has ordered but does not need to the Palestinians, beyond the 5,000 doses Israel says it has already delivered to the West Bank.

Even with a patchwork of vaccines donated by the United Arab Emirates and other nations, most Palestinians will remain unvaccinated for the foreseeable future without significant additional donations.

Since February, according to the BBC, there has been a sharp increase in both COVID-19 infections and deaths in the West Bank and Gaza. On one side of the Green Line, restaurants and businesses are filling up with vaccinated Israelis; on the other side, Palestinian hospitals are filling up with COVID-19 patients.

In many global humanitarian crises, Israel rightfully takes pride in being the first boots on the ground to help clean up the resulting mess. Why is mobilizing on the COVID-19 crisis any different from deploying medical volunteers to far-flung disaster zones?

It is fundamentally true that Israel is a country with the resources and ingenuity to vaccinate not only its own citizens, but Palestinians living under its occupation in the West Bank and Gaza. The Israeli government and nonprofits should begin prioritizing vaccination of Palestinians close to home.

Foregoing vaccinations for Palestinians does not help Israelis. If anything, ensuring Palestinians can be vaccinated would make us safer and help speed up the country’s economic recovery. As we’ve learned, COVID-19 pays no regard to nationality. The virus will continue to mutate until we vaccinate a critical mass.

I grew up believing that Israel is a nation that seeks to do right, that has a generosity of means and a generosity of spirit that is rooted in Jewish values like tikkun olam. I grew up believing that to save a life is to save the entire world. If Israel is that nation, I can’t think of a better way of showing it than by vaccinating all Palestinians — and doing so in a spirit not of obligation, but of shared humanity.

Matan Arad-Neeman is an Israeli-American student at Haverford College. He previously served as president of J Street U’s National Board.

3 COMMENTS

  1. This article does not mention health services in Palestine.
    What are they and how do they serve that population?
    Do they receive imported goods independently – that is directly from other countries?
    From whom/what bodies do their medical supplies serve the Palestinian communities?
    What is the nature and practice of medical oversight in the community? To whom/which bodies do medical services answer? What if any were offers by Israel in the current pandemic?

    • The Lancet, a peer-reviewed medical journal, comments on medical services received in Palestine. I used their journals for a paper I wrote on Palestinian health care. The Palestinian Ministry of Health is in charge of health care. They outsource to other countries if they do not have the specialization required. I hope that helps.

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