July ’60 in the Exponent: Israel Prepares to Try Eichmann; Marlene Dietrich Smash Hit in Israel


The 1960s are remembered today for the decade’s latter tumultuous years, but the early years were more straight-laced.

That’s reflected in the July 1, 1960 Jewish Exponent, which features a no-nonsense cover design and a heavy slant toward hard news.

The main story details the preparations afoot for the impending trial of Nazi war criminal Adolph Eichmann. One of the main architects of the Holocaust, Eichmann had been captured two months earlier in Argentina by Israel’s Mossad.

Argentina complained to the United Nations to little avail that the act violated the nation’s sovereignty.

“The U.N. approved a resolution which was a ‘mild’ censure of Israel. It also called for ‘adequate reparation’ which U.S. Ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge and other U.N. diplomats said was considered made when Israel Foreign Minister Golda Meir apologized to Argentina,” the wire service article read.

Although neither a date nor site was set for the trial, investigators were questioning Eichmann about his role in the concentration camps.

The article also noted that notorious Auschwitz doctor Josef Mengele had been arrested in Argentina.

Eichmann’s trial didn’t begin until April 1961, and the guilty verdict wasn’t read until December. Eichmann was hanged the following year.

The Exponent cover included seven other elements, including a large photo of a woman picking fruit with the caption “California and Florida have a rival in Israel’s booming citrus industry. This young lady is harvesting a rich crop of luscious grapefruit for export.”

The cover also featured a blurb about German actress and singer Marlene Dietrich drawing rave reviews — and a 35-minute standing ovation — for performances in Israel. A non-Jew, Dietrich created a fund in the late 1930s to help Jews escape from her native country.


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